The lengthy Israeli-Palestinian conflict has been a major problem in the modern Middle East. Many people argue that the “two-state solution” of creating an independent Palestinian state alongside the existing state of Israel would be the best approach to ending the conflict, although there is some disagreement over borders, refugees, settlements, Jerusalem, and other challenging issues. Many other people oppose a two-state solution for various reasons. For example, some are opposed to the creation of a Palestinian state, and others are opposed to the continued existence of Israel; some argue that Israel should be one secular bi-national state, rather than a Jewish state, and others assert that things should remain as they are for now.
Although the conflict generates massive public discussion and debate, there are relatively few forums that offer a nonpartisan approach to understanding it. We present diverse opinions and research to give you the best introduction to the issues surrounding the conflict, its historical context, and the proposed solutions, which you can use as a base to form your own conclusions.