Last updated on: 5/15/2008 2:16:00 PM PST
What Is the United Kingdom's Position on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict?
General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) of the United Kingdom, in entries accessed on its website May 16, 2007, stated the following:
Peace Process ("UK and the MEPP [Middle East Peace Process]")
"The Middle East Peace Process remains a foreign policy priority for this Government. Violence in Israel and the Occupied Territories has caused an immense loss of life, humanitarian suffering and economic hardship. A solution to this conflict is crucial both for Israelis and Palestinians, and for broader prospects of long-term peace in the region. The Prime Minister and the Foreign Secretary are committed, along with international partners, to achieving the vision of a two-state solution: a democratic, viable and peaceful Palestinian state, alongside a secure Israel.
Final Status Negotiations ("Plans for Resolution of the Conflict")
"We are committed to reviving final status negotiations as soon as realistically possible. The path towards this is through the Quartet (US, UN, EU, Russia) Roadmap. The Roadmap sets out the steps the Palestinian Authority and Israel need to take, under the auspices of the Quartet, to achieve a negotiated settlement. Both sides have accepted the Roadmap and have given public commitments to implement it. The Government firmly believes that the Roadmap is the best route to achieve peace in the Middle East.
Jerusalem ("The UK position on Jerusalem")
"Jerusalem was supposed to be a 'corpus separatum', or international city administered by the UN. But this was never set up as immediately after the UNGA resolution partitioning Palestine, Israel occupied West Jerusalem and Jordan occupied East Jerusalem (including the Old City). We recognised the de facto control of Israel and Jordan, but not sovereignty. In 1967, Israel occupied East Jerusalem, which we continue to consider is under illegal military occupation by Israel. Our Embassy to Israel is in Tel Aviv, not Jerusalem. In East Jerusalem we have a Consulate-General, with a Consul-General who is not accredited to any state: this is an expression of our view that no state has sovereignty over Jerusalem. The UK position was formally expressed in April 1950, when HMG extended simultaneous de jure recognition to both Jordan and Israel. However, the statement withheld recognition of the sovereignty of either Jordan or Israel over the sectors of the city which each then held, within the area of the corpus separatum as stipulated in UN General Assembly Resolution 303 (IV) of 1949. In the British view, no such recognition was possible before a final determination of the status of this area, although HMG did recognise that both Jordan and Israel exercised 'de facto authority' over those parts of the city and area which each held.
Palestinian Financial Aid ("UK Financial Support to the Palestinian People")
"In 2006, we gave £30 million [approximately equal to U.S. $51.56 million, at a 2006 exchange rate of U.K. £1 = U.S. $1.7185] bilaterally and an additional £40 [~$68.74] million through the EU. Hilary Benn, the International Development Secretary, announced a 4-year, £76.6 [~$131.64] million commitment to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) in December 2006.
May 16, 2007 - Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), United Kingdom