Last updated on: 5/21/2008 4:32:00 PM PST

Why Did Israel Take the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt in 1967?



General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
The 2003 "Background Notes" of the US State Department and Albert Hourani, the late Oxford Historian, in his 1991 book The History of the Arab Peoples, provided the following chronology which lead to the 1967 occupation of the Sinai Peninsula by Israel:

1956
Suez Crisis

"In 1956, French, British, and Israeli forces engaged Egypt in response to its nationalization of the Suez Canal and blockade of the Straits of Tiran. Israeli forces withdrew in March 1957, after the United Nations established the UN Emergency Force (UNEF) in the Gaza Strip and Sinai."
Background Notes, "Israel," Bureau of Public Affairs, U.S. Department of State, 2003

ProCon.org map

1967
May

"Gamel Abdul Nasser [Egyptian President] asked the United Nations to withdraw the forces which had been stationed on the frontier with Israel since the Suez war of 1956, and when this was done he closed the straits of Aqaba [Tiran] to Israeli shipping...As tension mounted, Jordan and Syria made military agreements with Egypt."
Albert Hourani, A History of the Arab Peoples, 1991

1967
War

"On 5 June Israel attacked Egypt and destroyed its air force; and in the next few days of fighting the Israelis occupied Sinai as far as the Suez Canal, Jerusalem and the Palestinian part of Jordan, and part of southern Syria (Golan Heights), before a cease-fire agreed on at the United Nations [June 10] ended the fighting."
Albert Hourani, A History of the Arab Peoples, 1991


2003 and 1991 - Background Notes (Electronic Information and Publications Office, Bureau of Public Affairs, U.S. Department of State) 
Albert Hourani