Last updated on: 5/21/2008 3:48:00 PM PST

What and Where Are the Shebaa Farms?



General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
A CNN interactive on Southern Lebanon provided the following description of the dispute over the Shebaa Farms (accessed 2003):

"Shebaa Farms, a strip of land tucked in the western foothills of Mount Hermon between Lebanon and the Golan Heights, remains a disputed territory in a region struggling to redefine borders. The region remains under Israeli control after the withdrawal of Israeli forces from southern Lebanon. Hezbollah leaders and the Lebanese government demand the return of the land to Syria.

Israel took control of Shebaa Farms from Syria during the 1967 Arab-Israeli war and says the area is not covered by U.N. Security Council Resolution 425 that governs its withdrawal from southern Lebanon. The United Nations says that the area was Syrian territory occupied by Israel during the war and considers the strip part of the Golan Heights rather than of south Lebanon.

The fertile farm land, strategically situated at the corner where Syria, Lebanon and Israel meet, produces barley, fruits and vegetables. According to Lebanese reports, the land consists of 13 farms and is about 15 miles long and five miles wide.

Hezbollah leader Sheikh Hassan Nasrallah asserts Shebaa Farms is Lebanese land and says the guerrillas will not rest until Israel returns it."

2003 - CNN (Cable News Network) 

BBC News published a May 25, 2000 article titled "In Focus: Shebaa Farms," contained the following description:

"The 14 farms are named after the village of Shebaa, on the western slopes of Mount Hermon.

They are located to the south of the village, at altitudes ranging from 400 to 2,000 metres (1,300 and 6,500 feet).

Timur Goksel, a spokesman for the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), told the BBC that the area amounted to little more than 10 square kilometres.

He said no-one disputed that the village of Shebaa itself was in Lebanon, but most of the farms fell into an undefined area that may be either in Lebanon or Syria."

May 25, 2000 - British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)