Last updated on: 6/26/2008 2:17:00 PM PST
What Is the Dome of the Rock?
General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
Richard Ettinghausen, PhD, the late historian of Islamic art, and Oleg Grabar, PhD, Professor Emeritus at the Institute for Advanced Study of the School of Historical Studies, Princeton University, in their 2001 book The Art and Architecture of Islam 650-1250, wrote the following:
In fact, however, the location of the mosque on Mount Moriah [Temple Mount / Haram al-Sharif], traditionally accepted as the site of the Jewish Temple and associated with many other legends and historical events, its decoration of Byzantine and Sasanian crowns and jewels in the midst of vegetal motifs, its physical domination of the urban landscape of Jerusalem, and its inscriptions with their many precisely chosen Koranic quotations suggest that the original purposes of the Dome of the Rock were to emphasize the victory of Islam that completes the revelation of the two other monotheistic faiths, and to compete in splendour and munificence with the great Christian sanctuaries; it is even possible that to the Umayyads it had the meaning of a dynastic shrine with Solomonic connotations through the representation of paradise-like trees. Only after the full establishment of the Islamic state as the governing body of the Near East did these precise early aims fade away, to be replaced by a religious explanation probably derived from popular piety."
2001 - Richard Ettinghausen, PhD
Oleg Grabar, PhD
Albert Hourani, the late Oxford Historian, in his 1991 book entitled A History of the Arab Peoples, wrote the following about the Dome of the Rock:
1991 - Albert Hourani