Last updated on: 6/26/2008 1:45:00 PM PST

What Was the British Mandate?

General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
Ian J. , PhD, Professor of Middle Eastern History at the University of New South Wales, and Carla L. Klausner, PhD, Professor of the Modern Middle East at the University of Missouri-Kansas City, in their 2002 book A Concise History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, wrote:

"The League of Nations [Belgium, Britian, France, Greece, Italy, and Japan] divided the territory [formerly under Ottoman rule] into new entities, called mandates. The mandates would be administered like trusts by the British and French, under supervision of the Leauge, until such time as the inhabitants were believed by League members to be ready for independence and self-government...

The mandate territories were Syria and Lebanon, awarded to France; Iraq, awarded to Britain; and a new entity called Palestine, which was also placed under British control. Palestine, as defined for the first time in modern history at San Remo, included the land on both sides of the Jordan River and encompassed the present-day countries of Israel and Jordan. However, boundary changes were soon made...The British carve out of the Palestine mandate a new entity east of the Jordan River [Transjordan]... In July 1922, the League of Nations ratified the mandate arrangements, including the changes that had been made since 1920."

          British Mandate 1920

           British Mandate 1922

       Click either map to enlarge

2002 - Carla L. Klausner, PhD 
Ian J. Bickerton, PhD 

The United Nations Division for Palestinian Rights, in a 1990 document titled "The Origins and Evolution of the Palestine Problem: 1917-1988, Part I 1917-1947," contained the following:

"Article 22 of the [1919 League of Nations] Covenant established the Mandates System, founded on the concept of the development of such territories under the 'tutelage ... of advanced nations' formed 'a sacred trust of civilization'. The degree of tutelage was to depend on the extent of political maturity of the territory concerned. The most developed would be classified as 'A' Mandates, the less developed as 'B', and the least developed as 'C'...

All the mandates over Arab countries, including Palestine, were treated as class 'A' Mandates, applicable to territories whose independence had been provisionally recognized in the Covenant of the League of Nations. The various mandate instruments were drafted by the Mandatory Powers concerned [Britian & France] but subject to the approval of the League of Nations...

Palestine and Transjordan (as it was then called) were included in the same Mandate but treated as distinct territories. Article 25 of the Palestine Mandate empowered Great Britain to withhold, with the League's approval, the implementation of any provision of the Mandate in Transjordan. On the request of the British Government the Council of the League, on 16 September 1922, passed a resolution effectively approving a separate administration for Transjordan. This separate administration continued until the territory attained independence as the Kingdom of Jordan on 22 March 1946.

Only in the case of Palestine did the Mandate, with its inherent contradictions, lead not to the independence provisionally recognized in the Covenant, but towards conflict that was to continue six decades later."

1990 - United Nations (UN)