Last updated on: 5/20/2008 2:16:00 PM PST

Did the 1937 Peel Commission Create an Acceptable Partition Plan in Its Final Report?




PRO (yes)

Aharon Klieman, PhD, Professor of International Relations at Tel Aviv University, in his 2000 book titled Compromising Palestine: A Guide to Final Status Negotiations wrote:

"The two greatest benchmarks for partition in Palestine, the 1937 Peel Commission report and the 1947 UNSCOP [United Nations Special Committee on Palestine] majority proposal, were right on target in advocating the wisdom of political separation for Arabs and Jews within a single geographic entity and integrated ecosystem."

2000 - Aharon Klieman, PhD 



Avi Shlaim, PhD, Professor of International Relations at St. Antony's College, Oxford, in his 1998 book titled The Politics of Partition, 1921-1951: King Abdullah, the Zionists, and Palestine wrote:

"The most expedient solution, whatever the moral rights and wrongs, was to partition Palestine into an Arab state, a Jewish state, and a British enclave, and this was the solution proposed by the Peel Commission in 1937. After reaching the conclusion that the mandate was no longer workable, the Peel Commission went on to recommend the partition of the country between the two warring communities."

1998 - Avi Shlaim, PhD 



CON (no)

The United Nations (UN) document, dated June 30, 1990, and titled "The Origins and Evolution of the Palestine Problem: 1917-1988, Part I 1917-1947," contained the following description of the Palestinian Arab decent:

"Partition was unacceptable to the Palestinians, whose struggle for self-determination had brought the British Government to admit the unworkability of the Mandate. The rebellion flared up again, lasting until 1939. The Arab Higher Committee formally reasserted the right of Palestinians to full independence in the whole of Palestine, and the replacement of the Mandate by a treaty between Great Britain and an independent Palestine...

The Royal Commission's report was the subject of intense debate at the twentieth Zionist Congress in Zurich in August 1937. Dr. Weizmann urged acceptance of the partition plan (with fundamental modifications) since the world was now viewing the problem in terms of a Jewish State. However, the Congress apparently did not consider that the time had come to accept a Jewish State in only part of Palestine. It was too early - the ultimate aim was to establish the Jewish State in all of Palestine, and at this point the numbers of immigrants were too small and, in Zionist eyes, the mission of the Mandate was unfulfilled."

June 30, 1990 - United Nations (UN)