Last updated on: 5/19/2008 4:39:00 PM PST
What Was the Outcome of the 1982 Reagan Plan?
General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
Ian J. Bickerton, PhD, Associate Professor of Middle Eastern and United States History at the University of New South Wales-Australia, and Carla L. Klausner, PhD, Professor of Modern Middle East, Medieval Europe and Judaic Studies at the University of Missouri-Kansas City, in their 2002 fourth edition of the book A Concise History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, described an important outcome as follows:
"For the Palestinians, the Reagan Plan was unacceptable. The Israelis rejected the initiative out of hand.
In September 1982, at an Arab summit held in Fez, Morocco, Arab leaders responded [to the Reagan Plan] with their own -- the Fez -- plan. The main provisions of the Fez plan called for the complete withdrawal by Israel from all territories occupied in 1967, including east Jerusalem, the dismantling of Israeli settlements in the occupied territories, and a Palestinian state under PLO leadership. In an effort to return to the arena as a major player, on September 15, the Soviets came up with their own -- the Brezhnev -- peace plan, which essentially mirrored the Fez plan, although it did make specific reference to the future security of Israel, something the Fez plan failed to mention. The Israelis rejected these initiatives as well."
2002 - Carla L. Klausner, PhD
Ian J. Bickerton, PhD
Ami Isseroff, DSc, Director of the MidEastWeb for Coexistence, in a 2006 article entitled "Reagan Israeli-Palestinian Peace Plan of 1982, Introduction," wrote:
"While this plan envisioned a settlement in the framework of Jordanian control of the West Bank and Gaza, in other respects it anticipated the Oslo Declaration of Principles and subsequent Oslo Interim Agreement, in that it called for Palestinian autonomy and a five year transition period. Though the US tried to get Arab support for the plan, the Saudis put forth their own plan, which was modified and adopted as the Fez Initiative at the twelfth Arab summit in December of 1982. It did not call for recognition of Israel, unlike Reagan's plan, and it did call for recognition of Palestinian rights and for an independent Palestinian state."
2006 - Ami Isseroff, DSc
Barry Rubin, PhD, Director of the Global Research for International Affairs (GLORIA) Center, in a chapter entitled "The United States and The Middle East, 1984-1985" from the 1987 book Middle East Contemporary Survey, pointed to a shift in American policy towards the Middle East:
"In 1984-85 the Reagan Administration tried to make use of the conclusions it had drawn about Middle East policy during its first term in office. The framework for its diplomatic activism had been laid down in the September 1982 Reagan Plan, and to this, were now added calculations about the difficulty of mediating an Arab-Israeli peace settlement, a recognition of the need to await decisive initiatives from the Arab side, and a higher priority on counter-terrorist actions... in constrast [to 1982], there were also experiments with new political alignments, including American diplomatic efforts to take advantage of the apparently emerging bloc of Iraq, Jordan and Egypt, as well as an attempted coordination between Jordan and the PLO."
1987 - Barry Rubin, PhD