Last updated on: 5/19/2008 3:50:00 PM PST
What Was the Outcome of the 1993 Oslo Declaration of Principles?
General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
Ian J. Bickerton, PhD, Associate Professor of Middle Eastern and U.S. History at the University of New South Wales, Australia, and Carla L. Klausner, PhD, Professor of Modern Middle East, Medieval Europe and Judaic Studies at the University of Missouri-Kansas City, in their 2002 book A Concise History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, wrote:
"The historic Declaration of Principles envisaged a ten-month timetable leading to elections for a Palestinian Council to run the West Bank and Gaza Strip for an interim period of five years... to negotiate a permanent peace settlement. After signing the accord, the Israelis and the Palestinians were, within one month, to begin negotiating details of a withdrawal of Israeli troops from the Gaza Strip and Jericho...
On May 4, 1994, in Cairo, an agreement detailing the terms of the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza and Jericho was finally signed [by Israeli Prime Minister Rabin and PLO Chairman Arafat] before an audience of about 2,000. As the first contingents of Palestinian police and administrators began to arrive amid much celebration and jubilation, the Israelis completed their withdrawal from Jericho on May 13 and from Gaza on May 18.
On July 1, Arafat entered Gaza in triumph, and on July 5, in Jericho, he swore in members of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA, now usually referred to as the Palestinian Authority or PA)."
2002 - Carla L. Klausner, PhD
Ian J. Bickerton, PhD
The Foundation for Middle East Peace, a nonprofit organization that promotes an enduring Israeli-Palestinian peace, in a posting on its website (accessed June 21, 2007) titled "1993 Declaration of Principles (Oslo Accords)," wrote:
"Many of the declaration's provisions - the inauguration of the Palestinian National Authority, the handover of some land to Palestinian control, and the formation of the Palestinian security forces for example - were implemented. However, Palestinian and Israeli negotiators failed to move on from these initial provisions to a permanent status agreement on issues including Jerusalem, borders and refugees.
Frustration at the failure of the peace process to deliver what it promised, and the collapse of last ditch talks chaired by former US President Bill Clinton at Camp David were partly to blame for the beginning of another Palestinian intifada, or rebellion against Israeli occupation, in September 2000.
The deterioration of relations since the start of the intifada means that many Israelis and Palestinians now see the process that was begun in 1993 as dead."
June 21, 2007 - Foundation for Middle East Peace (FMEP)
Ami Isseroff, DSc, Director of the MidEastWeb for Coexistence, in a 2002 article titled "The Oslo Declaration of Principles, September 13, 1993," wrote:
"In this document [The Oslo Declaration of Principles], both sides recognized the rights of the other to exist as a people within the borders of Palestine/Israel, and committed themselves to negotiating a permanent settlement and to improving relations between the two peoples. The agreement provides a framework for a solution, rather than a solution. It made possible a peace treaty with Jordan. The chief negotiators on both sides subsequently received the Nobel Peace Prize.
The world was treated to the unlikely spectacle of Yasser Arafat and Yizhak [sic] Rabin shaking hands, and of Palestinians and Israelis talking of peace for the first time in a hundred years... The declaration was accompanied by letters from Yasser Arafat promising to change the PLO Charter, which called for destruction of Israel, and from Yitzhak Rabin, proclaiming Israel's intent to allow normalization of life in the occupied territories.
The Declaration led to a [five years] Interim agreement, but final status talks foundered in 2000, and the peace process appeared all but dead after Palestinians initiated violent protests and terror attacks beginning in September 2000."
2002 - Ami Isseroff, DSc