Last updated on: 2/10/2008 11:29:00 PM PST

What Was the Outcome of the 1994 Cairo Agreement?

General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
Benny Morris, PhD, Professor of History at Ben-Gurion University, in his 2001 book Righteous Victims, wrote:

"The IDF [Israeli Defense Forces] withdrew from Jericho on May 13 and from most of the Gaza Strip on May 18-19, 1994, and PA [Palestine Authority] police and officials immediately took control. During the first few days there was a spate of attacks on Israeli troops and civilians in and near the Strip. Arafat himself arrived in Gaza to a tumultuous, chaotic welcome on July 1. An exile for almost all his life, he was treading Palestinian soil for the first time since 1967. Much of the PLO-Tunis bureaucracy and thousands of PLO troops -- now designated 'police' -- came with him, and Gaza city was transformed into the PA's capital."

2001 - Benny Morris, PhD 

Avi Shlaim, PhD, Professor of International Relations at St. Antony's College, Oxford, in his 2001 book The Iron Wall, wrote:

"A week after the Cairo document was signed, a token force of thirty Palestinian policemen entered the Gaza Strip from Egypt to assume control for internal security from the retreating Israelis. This was the first tangible evidence that Israeli occupation was winding down. Until then all the movement had been unilateral, as the Israeli army redeployed its forces so as to provide continuing protection for the tiny community of Jewish settlers in the strip. Now a new Palestinian police force was to take charge of the nearby Palestinian population centers in accordance with a prearranged division of labor. The Israeli flag was replaced by the flag of Palestine."

2001 - Avi Shlaim, PhD