Last updated on: 5/5/2008 12:24:00 PM PST

What Was the 1994 Cairo Agreement?

General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
Benny Morris, PhD, Professor of History at Ben-Gurion University, in his 2001 book Righteous Victims, wrote:

"The 'Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area' (usually referred to as 'the Cairo agreement') was finally signed in the Egyptian capital by [Israeli Prime Minister] Rabin and Arafat, with American, Soviet, and Egyptian representatives as witnesses, on May 4, 1994...

The agreement effectively transferred control over the bulk of the Gaza Strip and a sixty-five-square-kilometer area encompassing Jericho and its environs to PA [Palestinian Authority] control, with Israel remaining in control of the borders between these now-autonomous areas and the outside world and of the Jewish settlements in the Strip.

Israel was to have responsibility for the roads leading from these settlements to Israel, and joint Israeli-Palestinian teams were to patrol them. Israel was to assure safe passage for Palestinians between the Strip and the Jericho area.

The Palestinian police force was to be under the control of the twenty-four-member PA, and to consist of nine thousand men, of whom seven thousand could come from abroad. They were to be equipped only with light personal weapons, 120 medium and heavy machine guns, and forty-five wheeled armored vehicles. The force was to be responsible for preventing terrorism against Israelis from within the PA areas.

The sea off the Gaza Strip was to remain under Israeli control, but the Palestinians were allowed up to eight coastal police vessels. The PA was allowed to operate two helicopters and four fixed-wing transport aircraft between Gaza and Jericho, all subject to Israeli air traffic control and security provisions."

2001 - Benny Morris, PhD 

The U.S. Congressional Research Service (CRS), in a Sep. 8, 2003 Issue Brief for Congress titled "The Middle East Peace Talks," provided the following information:

"Signed on May 4, 1994, provides for Israeli withdrawal from Gaza/Jericho, and describes the Palestinian Authority’s (PA) responsibilities. The PA will have 24 members with legislative and executive powers and administrative units. Its territorial jurisdiction includes land, subsoil, and territorial waters. Israel retains jurisdiction over foreign relations, external security, and security of settlements. The PLO may conclude economic, assistance, and development agreements with international organizations and foreign states. The PA may promulgate laws, regulations, and other legislative acts. The Palestinians may have a police force, but not other armed forces. The parties agree to a Temporary International Presence of 400 for 6 months. The accord began the 5-year period of interim self-rule."

Sep. 8, 2003 - Congressional Research Service (CRS)