Last updated on: 5/19/2008 3:04:00 PM PST
What Was the Outcome of the 1994 Israel - Jordan Treaty of Peace?
General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
The Jewish Virtual Library, in a section titled "The Israel-Jordan Negotiations" (accessed Aug. 3, 2006), offered the following:
"With the ratification of the peace treaty full diplomatic relations were established between Israel and Jordan on November 27, 1994. Since that time, relations between Israel and Jordan have been steadily progressing. The Jordanian parliament's action in August 1995 to rescind its adherence to the Arab boycott on Israel, as well as the regional economic conference in Amman in November 1995, served as significant positive indicators for the future. The open border crossings between the two countries have facilitated the normalization of relations. Joint business ventures are being consistently initiated and the free movement of businessmen, by both land and air, has created an atmosphere of cooperation and open communication. Tourism between the two countries has been on the rise."
Aug. 3, 2006 - Jewish Virtual Library
Robert B. Satloff, PhD, Executive Director of The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, in a Mar. 1995 Middle East Quarterly article titled "The Jordan-Israel Peace Treaty A Remarkable Document," wrote:
"The Jordan-Israel peace treaty signed on October 26, 1994, picked up where the fifteen-year-old Egypt-Israel peace treaty of March 1979 left off... the concept of 'partnership' replaced the emphasis on 'respect,' while 'cooperation' replaced the focus on 'security.' These words reflect the fact that Jordan and Israel last fought each other twenty-eight years ago. The two sides have already developed common understandings about shared threats and shared needs that are the core underpinnings of a truly warm peace; they have no need for international peacekeepers. The Washington Declaration signed by King Husayn and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin on the White House lawn in July 1994 officially ended the state of belligerency; the peace treaty speaks only of an era of peace and joint efforts..."
Mar. 1995 - Robert Satloff, PhD
Ian J. Bickerton, PhD, Associate Professor of Middle Eastern and United States History at the University of New South Wales-Australia, and Carla L. Klausner, PhD, Professor of Modern Middle East, Medieval Europe and Judaic Studies at the University of Missouri-Kansas City, in the 2002 edition of A Concise History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, wrote the following:
"[As a result of the 1994 Israeli/Jordanian Peace Treaty] other Arab countries, with the notable exceptions of Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, and Libya, also moved cautiously toward recognition of the Jewish State. As early as January 1994, Qatar's Foreign Minister held a secret meeting in London with Israeli officials to discuss a $1 billion gas deal with Israel. In September 1994, Israel and Morocco agreed to establish liaison offices, and, at the beginning of October, the Gulf Cooperation Council countries of Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, and Bahrain announced a partial lifting of the Arab economic boycott by cancelling the boycott of secondary or tertiary parties doing business with Israel. That same month, Israel and Tunisia announced a low-level exchange of representatives."
2002 - Carla L. Klausner, PhD
Ian J. Bickerton, PhD