Last updated on: 6/26/2008 12:11:00 PM PST
What Was the 1994 Israel - Jordan Treaty of Peace?
General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
Israeli Prime Minister Yithak Rabin (left), US President Bill Clinton (center),
and Prime Minister of Jordan Abdul Salam Majali (right)
at the signing of the Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace, Arava/Araba Crossing Point, Oct. 26, 1994
The Government of the State of Israel and the Government of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan:
Bearing in mind the Washington Declaration, signed by them on 25th July, 1994, and which they are both committed to honour;
Aiming at the achievement of a just, lasting and comprehensive peace in the Middle East based an Security Council resolutions 242 and 338 in all their aspects;
Bearing in mind the importance of maintaining and strengthening peace based on freedom, equality, justice and respect for fundamental human rights, thereby overcoming psychological barriers and promoting human dignity;
Reaffirming their faith in the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and recognising their right and obligation to live in peace with each other as well as with all states, within secure and recognised boundaries;
Desiring to develop friendly relations and co-operation between them in accordance with the principles of international law governing international relations in time of peace;
Desiring as well to ensure lasting security for both their States and in particular to avoid threats and the use of force between them;
Bearing in mind that in their Washington Declaration of 25th July, 1994, they declared the termination of the state of belligerency between them;
Deciding to establish peace between them in accordance with this Treaty of Peace;
Have agreed as follows:
ESTABLISHMENT OF PEACE
Peace is hereby established between the State of Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (the "Parties") effective from the exchange of the instruments of ratification of this Treaty."
Oct. 26, 1994 - Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace
Avi Shlaim, PhD, Professor of International Relations at St. Antony's College of Oxford University, in his 2001 book The Iron Wall, wrote:
"The Israel-Jordan peace treaty was signed by Prime minister Rabin and King Hussein on 26 October 1994 at a border point in the Arava desert [South of the Dead Sea] that had been a minefield just a few days before. In attendance were President Clinton, the foreign ministers of the United States, Russia, and Egypt, and representatives from several other Arab countries...
It was the second treaty concluded between Israel and an Arab state in fifteen years and the first to be signed in the region...[Israeli Prime Minister] Rabin said it was time to make the desert bloom, and [Jordan's King] Hussein promised a warm peace, unlike the cold peace with Egypt . The Knesset endorsed the peace treaty with Jordan by a majority of 105 to 3, with 6 abstentions."
2001 - Avi Shlaim, PhD
The United States Congressional Research Service (CRS), in a Sep. 8, 2003 Issue Brief for Congress titled "The Middle East Peace Talks," provided the following information:
"Signed on October 26, 1994. An international boundary will be delimited within 9 months. Each party will refrain from threats or use of force against the other and from joining alliances hostile to the other and will remove restrictions from normal economic relations and terminate economic boycotts. Problems of displaced persons (from 1967) will be resolved with Egypt and the Palestinians and of refugees (from 1948) in the multilateral framework. Israel respects Jordan’s role in the mosques in Jerusalem and will give it high priority in permanent status negotiations. Annexes called for Jordan to lease one sq. mi. to Israelis for a renewable 25-year period and for Israel to provide Yarmuk River water and desalinized water to Jordan; dams will be built on the Yarmuk and Jordan Rivers to yield more water."
Sep. 8, 2003 - Congressional Research Service (CRS)