Last updated on: 5/14/2008 10:12:00 AM PST
What Is the Relationship between the 1982 Lebanon War and the Islamic Group Hezbollah?
General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
Nizar Hamzeh, PhD, former Associate Professor of Political Studies at American University Beirut, in a 1993 Third World Quarterly essay titled "Lebanon's Hizbullah: From Islamic Revolution to Parliamentary Accommodation," wrote:
"The formation of Hizbullah was clearly tied to the Israeli invasion of southern Lebanon in June 1982, and the introduction of the Multi-National Forces (MNF) [consisting of U.S., British, Italian & French forces]. Further, the dispatch of 1,500 Iranian Revolutionary Guards to the Syrian-controlled Biqa' region in the summer of 1982, under the pretext of fighting Israel, brought Iran into Lebanon. It was then that Hizbullah was secretly formed under the sponsorship of Iran. The Syrian-Iranian agreement on stationing the Iranian Revolutionary Guards contributed to consolidating the emergence of Hizbullah, which further enhanced its power in Lebanon."
1993 - Nizar Hamzeh, PhD
The Central Press Office of Hezbollah (Party of God), the self described "Islamic resistance movement," in an entry posted on its website (accessed May 25, 2004) titled "Hezbollah: Identity and Goals," wrote:
"Hezbollah went through various decisive moments in its history. With the most important moment being in 1982 the year of the Zionist invasion of Lebanon. This invasion led to the occupation of the capital Beirut making it the second Arab capital to be occupied during the Arab-'Israeli' conflict, with Jerusalem being the first. This crossroad speeded [sic] up the presence of Hezbollah as a struggle movement that is totally affiliated in the long complicated and complex fight against the Zionist enemy. The starting point of that struggle being the Zionist occupation of Palestine, and then to many of the Arab lands in Egypt, Syria and Jordan leading up to Lebanon. All that led to the establishment of the identity of Hezbollah as a struggle movement against the Zionists."
May 25, 2004 - Hezbollah (Party of God)
"In its attempt to drive the PLO from Lebanon, Israel found itself mired in another war it was unable to end. It had opened up a second front of the Arab-Israeli conflict that was only indirectly related to the PLO or the Palestinian problem, that is, against the Muslim militia groups in Lebanon that were now mobilized themselves to resist Israel's continuing occupation of southern Lebanon."
2000 - Congressional Quarterly (CQ)