Last updated on: 2/5/2009 7:59:00 AM PST

What is the Israeli Declaration of Independence?

General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
Avi Shlaim, PhD, Fellow of St Antony's College and a Professor of International Relations at the University of Oxford University, in his 2002 book The Iron Wall, wrote:

"At four o'clock in the afternoon on 14 May 1948, in front of the leaders of the Yishuv [Jewish community in Palestine] in the Tel Aviv Art Museum, David Ben-Gurion read out the Declaration of Independence and proclaimed the establishment of the Jewish state in Palestine to be called Medinat Israel--the State of Israel. The Declaration of Independence pledged that the State of Israel would be based on the principles of liberty, justice, and peace as conceived by the Prophets of Israel; would uphold the full social and political equality of all its citizens, without distinction of religion, race, or sex; and would loyally uphold the principles of the U.N. Charter. It specifically promised equal rights to the Arab inhabitants of the State of Israel and extended the hand of peace to all the neighboring Arab states."

2002 - Avi Shlaim, PhD 

Benny Morris, PhD, Professor of History at Ben-Gurion University, in his 2001 book Righteous Victims, described the proclamation of Israel's statehood:

David Ben-Gurion (standing center)
Reading of Israel's Declaration of Independence
May 14, 1948
"On the afternoon of May 14 the leaders of the Yishuv gathered in the Tel Aviv Museum and heard Ben-Gurion read the Declaration of Independence, announcing the establishment of the State of Israel. At the end of the thirty two-minute gathering, Ben-Gurion announced simply: 'The State of Israel as arisen! This meeting is over.'"

2001 - Benny Morris, PhD