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P L O
(Palestine Liberation Organization)
P A
(Palestinian Authority)
Establishment
Established in 1964
Recognized as "the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people" at the 1974 Arab League Summit in Rabat Morocco
Established as a result of the 1993 Oslo Declaration of Principles. Remains the governing body of the autonomous areas in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
Head
CHAIRMAN
Head of the Executive Committee
Elected by the PNC
PRESIDENT
Ex officio member of the PLC
Elected by the Palestinian people in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Jerusalem
Executive
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
18 members
Elected by the PNC
CABINET
Appointed by the President
(max 20% from outside the PLC)
20 members (Ministers)
Legislative
PALESTINIAN NATIONAL COUNCIL (PNC)
  • The PNC is the ultimate decision making body and legislative authority. It formulates policies and sets guidelines for the Executive.
  • The PNC is the Parliament in Exile with 669 members, mostly appointed by the Executive Committee.
  • It represents trade unions, professional organizations etc. and most political factions excluding Hamas.
  • The PNC declared Palestinian independence on 15 November 1988; voted for altering its National Charter in line with the Oslo Declaration of Principles on 21 April 1996 with 504 to 54 and 14 abstentions.
PALESTINIAN LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL (PLC)
  • The PA Parliament consists of 88 members elected by the Palestinian people in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Jerusalem.
  • The PLC does not represent Palestinians in the Diaspora. Members are independents or affiliated with Fatah, Fida, PFLP, PPP, or Hamas.
  • PLC powers are limited by the Palestinian-Israeli agreements
  • Legislation excludes issues left for the final status negotiations.
Foreign
Relations
The PLO conducts foreign relations and related activities
The PA has no foreign relations powers
(issue to be settled in the final status negotiations)
Military
Security
Palestine Liberation Army (PLA)
Palestinian Security and Police Forces