Last updated on: 9/22/2015 | Author: ProCon.org

Pope John Paul II, PhD Biography

Title:
264th Pope of the Catholic Apostolic Roman Church
Position:
Pro to the question "Is a Two-State Solution (Israel and Palestine) an Acceptable Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict?"
Reasoning:

“Despite the recent setbacks on the roadmap to peace and fresh outbreaks of violence and injustice, we must continue to affirm that peace is possible and that the resolution of differences can only come about through the patient dialogue and persevering commitment of people of good will on both sides. Terrorism must be condemned in all its forms, for it is not only a betrayal of our common humanity, but is absolutely incapable of laying the necessary political, moral and spiritual foundations for a people’s freedom and authentic self-determination. I once again call upon all parties to respect fully the resolutions of the United Nations and the commitments made in the acceptance of the peace process, with engagement in a common quest for reconciliation, justice and the building of a secure and harmonious coexistence in the Holy Land. I likewise voice my hope that the national [Palestinian] Constitution presently being drafted will give expression to the highest aspirations and the most cherished values of all the Palestinian people, with due recognition of all religious communities and adequate legal protection of their freedom of worship and expression.”

“Address to a Delegation of Palestinian Christians of the Palestinian Liberation Organization,” Libreria Editrice Vaticana, Nov. 10, 2003

Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
    Experts
Individuals with PhDs or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Involvement and Affiliations:
  • 264th Pope of the Catholic Apostolic Roman Church, 1978-2005
  • Elevated to Cardinal by Pope Paul VI, 1967-1978
  • Member of the Vatican Council II, 1962-1965
  • Elevated to Archbishop of Krakow by Pope Paul VI, 1964-1967
  • Elevated to Bishop of Ombi and Auxiliary of Krakow by Pope Pius XII, 1958-1964
  • Vicar of various parishes in Krakow, 1948
  • He had more official meetings than any of his predecessors: (38 visits, 738 audiences and meetings held with Heads of State, and 246 audiences and meetings with Prime Ministers)
  • Received the Charlemagne Award of the city of Aachen, Germany, 2004
  • Named Honorary Harlem Globetrotter after a the Harlem Globetrotters’ visit to the Vatican, 2000
Education:
  • Doctorate in Sacred Theology, Jagiellonian University, 1948
  • Masters in Theology, Jagiellonian University, 1946
  • Priestly Ordination by Archbishop Metropolitan Adam Sapieha, 1946
Other:
  • Also known as Karol Józef Wojtyla
  • Born: 1920
  • Died: 2005