- Pro to the question "Is a Two-State Solution (Israel and Palestine) an Acceptable Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict?"
“The following is a performance-based and goal-driven roadmap, with clear phases, timelines, target dates, and benchmarks aiming at progress through reciprocal steps by the two parties in the political, security, economic, humanitarian, and institution-building fields, under the auspices of the Quartet [the United States, European Union, United Nations, and Russia]. The destination is a final and comprehensive settlement of the Israel-Palestinian conflict by 2005, as presented in President Bush’s speech of 24 June, and welcomed by the EU, Russia and the UN in the 16 July and 17 September Quartet Ministerial statements.
A two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict will only be achieved through an end to violence and terrorism, when the Palestinian people have a leadership acting decisively against terror and willing and able to build a practicing democracy based on tolerance and liberty, and through Israel’s readiness to do what is necessary for a democratic Palestinian state to be established, and a clear, unambiguous acceptance by both parties of the goal of a negotiated settlement as described below. The Quartet will assist and facilitate implementation of the plan, starting in Phase I, including direct discussions between the parties as required. The plan establishes a realistic timeline for implementation. However, as a performance-based plan, progress will require and depend upon the good faith efforts of the parties, and their compliance with each of the obligations outlined below. Should the parties perform their obligations rapidly, progress within and through the phases may come sooner than indicated in the plan. Non-compliance with obligations will impede progress.
A settlement, negotiated between the parties, will result in the emergence of an independent, democratic, and viable Palestinian state living side by side in peace and security with Israel and its other neighbors. The settlement will resolve the Israel-Palestinian conflict, and end the occupation that began in 1967, based on the foundations of the Madrid Conference, the principle of land for peace, UNSCRs 242, 338 and 1397, agreements previously reached by the parties, and the initiative of Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah – endorsed by the Beirut Arab League Summit – calling for acceptance of Israel as a neighbor living in peace and security, in the context of a comprehensive settlement. This initiative is a vital element of international efforts to promote a comprehensive peace on all tracks, including the Syrian-Israeli and Lebanese-Israeli tracks.
The Quartet will meet regularly at senior levels to evaluate the parties’ performance on implementation of the plan. In each phase, the parties are expected to perform their obligations in parallel, unless otherwise indicated.”
Introduction to “A Performance-Based Roadmap to a Permanent Two-State Solution to the Israeli Palestinian Conflict,” Apr. 30, 2003
- Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
Government Reports and Peer-Reviewed Studies
Official vetted reports from international government bodies (such as the United Nations and the European Union), foreign governments (federal level agencies such as France’s Ministry of Justice, South Africa’s Ministry of Health, or Japan’s office of the Prime Minister), and US government agencies (state, federal, and quasi-government agencies including the Smithsonian Institution, the National Academy of Sciences, and Legal Services Corporation) and peer-reviewed studies from academic journals (such as Science, Nature, New England Journal of Medicine, etc.) tend to have multiple editorial and ideological filters, and they normally receive rigorous review from experts before being formally issued.
“The Office of the Quartet Representative (OQR) works with the Palestinian Authority, the Government of Israel, international organisations and NGOs to help build the institutions and economy for a future Palestinian state. The OQR seeks to achieve the objective of the Quartet and Quartet Representative, Tony Blair: to promote an end to the Israel-Palestine conflict and bring stability to the Middle East.
The Quartet was established in 2002 and is composed of the United States, the European Union, the United Nations and Russia. In accordance with the Quartet’s mandate to him, Mr. Blair works with a team of international diplomats and development experts in Jerusalem and London. The OQR’s guiding principle is that improved social and economic conditions should promote increased confidence, trust and broad support by both Palestinians and Israelis for a just, lasting and credible peace agreement. Through sustained and intensive consultation with the Palestinian Authority, the Government of Israel, the international community and civil society, the OQR works to secure a two-state solution, with two democratic States, Israel and Palestine, living side by side in peace within secure and recognised borders.”
“About OQR,” www.quartetrep.org (accessed May 8, 2012)
“In support of a peaceful solution, the OQR follows a three-track approach:
- Promoting the continuation of Israeli-Palestinian political negotiations within a credible timeframe;
- Aiding transformative change on the ground, to improve the daily lives of Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza and security for Israelis and Palestinians, and to generate a positive atmosphere that will facilitate success in the political negotiations; and
- Developing a new strategy for Gaza, including lifting the blockade, so that reconstruction can take place, legitimate business can prosper and the livelihoods of Palestinians living in Gaza improve.This approach informs the following key OQR objectives:
- Donor Assistance: Secure from international lenders and donors more timely, predictable and adequate funding for the Palestinian Authority budget and priority areas;
- Private Sector Development: Enhance Palestinian economic and social development including vigorous Palestinian private sector expansion;
- Movement, Access and Trade Facilitation: Lift obstacles and restrictions to access and movement of goods and people to, from and within the West Bank and Gaza;
- Gaza Development: Support a ‘ground up’ development process in Gaza by enabling movement and access for imports and exports to all markets, promoting the development of the legitimate Gazan private sector and expediting the rehabilitation and construction of key infrastructure;
- Area C: Expand access to and facilitate development of Palestinian land designated under the Oslo Accords as “Area C”, which makes up 60 percent of the West Bank;
- Rule of Law: Help the Palestinian Authority strengthen its rule of law capacity and develop strong and well-integrated security and justice institutions with clearly-defined mandates;
- East Jerusalem: Improve the economic and social conditions of Palestinians living and working in East Jerusalem; and
- Tourism: Mobilise local and international support to tap the significant Holy Land tourism potential and create a more prosperous, balanced, robust and accessible tourism sector.”
“About OQR,” www.quartetrep.org (accessed May 8, 2012)
- International organization