Last updated on: 7/14/2017 | Author: ProCon.org

Source Biographies

"Is a Two-State Solution (Israel and Palestine) an Acceptable Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict?"
Summary of Positions

Pro Not Clearly Pro or Con (NC) Con None Found (?)
I. Individual 231 (33.2%) 58 (8.3%) 98 (14.1%) 309 (44.4%)
II. Organization 61 (30.5%) 12 (6%) 9 (4.5%) 118 (59%)

Sort by alphabetical order, Sort by position

I. Individual
- A -
Individuals Rating Position
Abbas, Mahmoud, Csc     Pro
Abd Rabbo, Yasser, MA     Pro
Abdelnour, Samer, PhD     NC
Abou Jahjah, Dyab, MA   Con
Abrahms, Max, PhD   ?
Abu Marzook, Mousa, PhD     Con
Abu Odeh, Adnan     NC
Abu Toameh, Khaled   Con
Abu-Sitta, Salman Husein, PhD     NC
Abunimah, Ali   Con
Adelman, Madelaine, PhD     ?
Adler, Gerald M., LLM, JSD     ?
Agha, Hussein   ?
Aharoni, Ido, MA   Pro
Ahlstrom, Gosta W.     ?
Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud, PhD     NC
Ahmed, Hisham, PhD     Pro
Akef, Mohamed Mahdi     NC
Akram, Susan M., JD     ?
Al Habtoor, Khalaf     Con
Al-Assad, Bashar     Pro
Al-Bitawi, Hamed   ?
al-Faisal, Turki   Pro
al-Gharbi, Musa, MA    Con
Al-Khasawneh, Awn Shawkat, LLM     ?
al-Kidwa, Nasser, DDS     Pro
al-Maliki, Riyad, PhD     Pro
al-Moualem, Walid     Pro
Al-Murad, Abdullah Ahmed Mohamed     Pro
Al-Qaradawi, Yusuf, PhD     Con
al-Rantissi, Abdel-Aziz, MD     Con
Al-Sa'adi, Abdul Razak A. A., PhD     ?
Al-Saud, Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz     Pro
Al-Saud, Faisal bin Abdulaziz     Pro
al-Shara, Farouk     ?
al-Sheikh, Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah     ?
Al-Thani, Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim   Pro
al-Zahar, Mahmoud, MD     NC
Albright, Madeleine K., PhD     Pro
Ali, M. Amir, PhD, MS     ?
Ali, Tariq   Con
Allawi, Ayad, MD     ?
Allon, Yigal     Pro
Alpher, Yossi   Pro
Amad, Adnan   ?
Amayreh, Khalid, MA   Con
Amir, Yonatan   Con
Amon, Moshe, PhD     NC
Anati, Emmanuel, PhD     ?
Andoni, Lamis   NC
Annan, Kofi, MS     Pro
Arafat, Yasser     Pro
Armey, Dick, PhD     NC
Armstrong, Karen   ?
Aronson, Geoffrey   Pro
Asali, Kamil J., PhD     ?
Asali, Ziad J., MD     Pro
Ashrawi, Hanan, PhD     Pro
Ateek, Naim, PhD     Pro
Auerbach, Yehudit, PhD     ?
Avi-Yonah, Michael, PhD     ?
Avnery, Uri     Pro
Awad, Mubarak   Con
Awawdy, Wadei   Pro
Ayalon, Ami, MA     Pro
Ayalon, Daniel, MBA     Pro
Ayubi, Nazih, PhD     ?
Ayyad Al-Otaibi, Mansour     Pro
- B -
Individuals Rating Position
Bailey, Kirk, JD   ?
Balfour, Arthur James     NC
Bandow, Doug, JD     Pro
Bar, Yehiel Hilik, MA   Pro
Barak, Ehud, MSc     Pro
Barari, Hassan, PhD     ?
Baratz, Ran   ?
Bard, Mitchell G., PhD     ?
Barghouti, Omar, MA   Con
Barhoum, Fawzy   Con
Baroud, Ramzy, MA   Con
Baskin, Gershon, PhD     Pro
Bayefsky, Anne, MA, MLitt   ?
Bazzi, Mohamad   ?
Beatty McNulty, Illene   ?
Begin, Ze'ev Benjamin, PhD     ?
Beilin, Yossi, PhD     Pro
Beinart, Peter, MPhil     Pro
Ben-Ami, Jeremy, JD   Pro
Ben-Ami, Shlomo, PhD     Pro
Ben-Dov, Meir   ?
Ben-Gurion, David     Now Pro
Ben-Yehuda, Hemda, PhD     ?
Benedict XVI, Pope, PhD     Pro
Bennet, James   ?
Bennet, Naftali     Now Pro
Bennet, William J., PhD, JD     Pro
Bennis, Phyllis   NC
Berkowitz, Peter, PhD, JD     Pro
Berlusconi, Silvio, JD     Pro
Berman, Howard L., LLB     Pro
Besser, James   Pro
Bickerton, Ian J., PhD     NC
Biden, Joseph, Jr., JD     Pro
bin Abdullah al-Sheikh, Abdulaziz     ?
bin Abdullah, Yusuf bin Alawi     Pro
bin Al Hussein, Abdullah, II     Pro
bin Said, Qaboos     Pro
bin Talal, Hussein     NC
Bird, Kai, MS   Pro
Blair, Tony     Pro
Blecher, Robert   ?
Bleier, Ronald   Con
Borochov, Ber   ?
Boucher, Richard     ?
Bowles, Matt   NC
Boxer, Barbara     Pro
Boyle, Francis, PhD     Pro
Boyle, Susan Silsby, PhD     Con
Breger, Marshall J., JD, BPhil     ?
Brenner, Lenni   Con
Brook, Yaron, PhD     NC
Brown, Gordon, PhD     Pro
Brownfeld, Allan C.   NC
Buber, Martin   Con
Buckley, William F., Jr.   ?
Buergenthal, Thomas, PhD     ?
Buonaparte, Napoleone   NC
Burg, Avrum   Con
Burns, William J., DPhil     Pro
Burston, Bradley   Pro
Bush, George HW     NC
Bush, George W., MBA     Pro
Byman, Daniel, PhD     ?
- F -
Individuals Rating Position
Fadaifard, Mohammad Hassan, MA, MS     ?
Fairbanks, Richard, JD     ?
Falk, Richard, SJD     ?
Farah, Joseph   ?
Farsoun, Samih K., PhD     ?
Fatoohi, Louay, PhD     Pro
Fayyad, Ali   NC
Feiglin, Moshe     Con
Feinstein, Dianne     Pro
Feith, Douglas J., JD     Pro
Fendius Elman, Miriam, PhD     Pro
Ferrante, Joan, PhD     ?
Finkelstein, Norman G., PhD     Pro
Fisher, Max, MA   NC
Fisk, Robert, PhD     Pro
Flint, Julie   ?
Frank, Barney, JD     Pro
Freedman, Marcia, MA     Pro
Freedman, Samuel G.   Pro
Freeman, Tzvi   ?
Freilich, Chuck, PhD     Pro
Friedman, Andrew   ?
Friedman, Benjamin H.   ?
Friedman, Lara, MA   Pro
Friedman, Robert I.   Pro
Friedman, Thomas L., MPhil   ?
Friesel, Evyatar, PhD     ?
- G -
Individuals Rating Position
Gaffney, Frank J., Jr., MA   Con
Galchinsky, Michael, PhD     Pro
Galloway, George   Con
Galon, Zehava, PhD     Pro
Gandhi, Mahatma   ?
Garroway, Ralph   ?
Gavrilis, George, PhD     ?
Gelvin, James, PhD     Pro
Gerner, Deborah J., PhD     Pro
Gheit, Ahmed Ali Aboul     Pro
Gil, Moshe     ?
Gilbert, Martin   Pro
Ginosar, Matania, DEnv     Con
Ginsberg, Asher   ?
Giora, Rachel, PhD     NC
Glick, Caroline, MPP     Con
Golani, Motti, PhD     ?
Gold, Dore, PhD     NC
Goldberg, Jeffrey   ?
Goldberg, Joseph E., PhD     ?
Goldenberg, Tia   ?
Goldman, David P.   Con
Goldschmidt, Arthur, Jr., PhD     ?
Goldstone, Richard J., LLB     NC
Gordon, Neve, PhD     Con
Gorenberg, Gershom, MA   ?
Gottheil, Richard, PhD     ?
Gourdault-Montagne, Maurice     ?
Grabar, Oleg, PhD     ?
Greenspun, Philip, PhD     ?
Grossman, David   ?
Gvirtzman, Haim, PhD     ?
- H -
Individuals Rating Position
Haass, Richard N., PhD     ?
HaCohen, Ran, PhD     Pro
Haddad-Adel, Gholam Ali, PhD     NC
Hague, William, MBA     Pro
Halawi, Ibrahim, MSc   Con
Halawi, Majed   ?
Halbertal, Moshe, PhD     ?
Halbrook, Stephen P., PhD, JD     ?
Halevy, Efraim, LLM     Pro
Halutz, Dan     ?
Hamami, Jamil   ?
Hammer, Michael F., PhD     ?
Hammond, Jeremy   Con
Hamzeh, Nizar, PhD     ?
Haniya, Ismail     Pro
Hansen, Peter, PhD     ?
Harel, Israel   Pro
Harkabi, Yehoshafat, PhD     Pro
Haroun, Magda   ?
Harper, Stephen, MA     Pro
Hartman, David, PhD     Pro
Hashemi-Rafsanjani, Ali Akbar     ?
Hauser, Emily L., MA   Pro
Ha’am, Ahad   ?
Hedges, Chris, MDiv   Pro
Heideman, Richard D., JD     Pro
Helmreich, Jeffrey, MA   NC
Hertzberg, Arthur   ?
Herzel, Theodore     NC
Herzog, Chaim     ?
Hicks, Gary, MA   Con
Hier, Marvin   ?
Hiro, Dilip, MA   ?
Hirsch, Emil   ?
Hirsh, David, PhD     Pro
Hitchens, Christopher   Pro
Hitti, Philip K., PhD     ?
Hoffman, Stephen   Pro
Horowitz, Adam, MA   NC
Horwich, Bernard   ?
Hourani, Albert   ?
Howard, Harry N.   ?
Huckabee, Mike   Con
Hudes, Karen, PhD, JD     ?
Hudson, Michael C., PhD     Pro
Huleileh, Samir, MA     ?
- J -
Individuals Rating Position
Jabotinsky, Ze'ev, JD     ?
Jacob, Aaron   Pro
John Paul II, Pope, PhD     Pro
Judt, Tony, PhD     Con
- K -
Individuals Rating Position
Kahane, Meir, LLB, MA     NC
Kalfus, Jonathan   ?
Kallab, Saleh     ?
Kalugin, Alexander     ?
Kanafani, Nu'man, PhD     ?
Karchmer, Leah, MA   Con
Karkouti, Mustapha   ?
Karmi, Ghada, MD, PhD     Con
Karsh, Efraim, PhD     ?
Kassis, Rifat Odeh   Con
Kavesh, William, MD, MPh   ?
Kazak, Ali   ?
Kedourie, Elie     ?
Kerry, John, JD     Pro
Keyes, David   ?
Khalidi, Rashid I., DPhil     NC
Khalidi, Walid, MLit   Pro
Khalifa, Mahmoud, PhD     Pro
Khan, M. A. Muqtedar, PhD, MBA     NC
Kharrazi, Kamal, PhD     Con
Khatchadourian, Haig, PhD     Pro
Khatib, Ghassan, MA     Pro
Khazzoom, Loolwa   ?
Khouri, Fred J., PhD     ?
Khouri, Rami G.   ?
Khoury, Geries S., PhD     Pro
Khraishi, Ibrahim   Pro
Ki-Moon, Ban, MPA     Pro
Kimhi, Shaul, Dr.     ?
Kimmerling, Baruch, PhD     Pro
King, Henry     Con
King, Martin Luther, Jr., PhD     ?
Klausner, Carla L., PhD     NC
Klein Halevi, Yossi, MA   ?
Klein, Morton A.   Con
Klieman, Aharon, PhD     ?
Klug, Brian, PhD     ?
Kook, Abraham Isaac   ?
Kook, Zvi Yehudah   Con
Korn, Benyamin, MA   Con
Korolov, Maria   ?
Koroma, Abdul G., LLM     ?
Kouri, Jim   ?
Krauthammer, Charles, MA, MD     Pro
Krieger, Zvika   Pro
Kromkowski, Marian, JD     Con
Kurtzer, Daniel C., PhD     Pro
Kurz, Ester   ?
Kuttab, Daoud   Pro
- M -
Individuals Rating Position
MacDonald, Malcolm, MA     Con
Maher, Ahmed     Pro
Mahler, Gregory, PhD     ?
Mahmood, Zahir   ?
Makdisi, Saree, PhD     Con
Makovsky, Alan   ?
Makovsky, David, MA   Pro
Malik, Habib C., PhD     Pro
Malley, Robert, JD, PhD     Pro
Manna, Adel, PhD     Pro
Mansour, Riyad, PhD, MA     Pro
March, Abraham   Pro
Marks Greenfield, Patricia, PhD     Con
Masalha, Nur, PhD     Con
Mason, Elisa   ?
Massad, Joseph, PhD     ?
Mathias, Elliot   ?
Matz, David, JD     Pro
Maurer, Peter, PhD     ?
May, Todd, PhD     Con
Mayer, Avi   Pro
McCain, John     Pro
McCall, Thomas S., ThD     Con
McCarthy, Justin, PhD     NC
McMahon, Henry     ?
Meir-Levi, David, MA   ?
Melamed, Ariana   ?
Melchior, Michael     Pro
Melman, Yossi    Pro
Menendez, Robert, JD   Pro
Meshaal, Khaled   Pro
Meshoe, Kenneth   ?
Migdal, Joel S., PhD     ?
Miliband, David, MA     Pro
Miller, Benjamin, PhD     Pro
Miller, Jennifer, MFA   ?
Miller, Judith, MA   ?
Mitchell, George, JD     Pro
Mogherini, Federica   Pro
Moghul, Haroon, MA   Con
Mohamad, Husam A., PhD     ?
Mohamedou, Mohammad-Mahmoud Ould, PhD     ?
Mohammed, W. Deen   ?
Moore, Debra   ?
Morris, Benny, PhD     Pro
Morrison, Barry, MA   Pro
Motahhari, Ayatollah Morteza     ?
Mottaki, Manouchehr, MA     NC
Moussa, Abdel-Samie Mahmoud Ibrahim   ?
Moynihan, Daniel Patrick, PhD     ?
Muasher, Marwan, PhD     Pro
Mubarak, Hosni     ?
Mudayris, Ibrahim   Con
Muzher, Sherri, JD     Con
- Q -
Individuals Rating Position
Qaddafi, Muammar     Con
Qader, Hatem Abdel     Pro
Qurei, Ahmed     Pro
- R -
Individuals Rating Position
Raab, David, MA   ?
Raad, Mohammad   Con
Rabinovich, Abraham   ?
Rantissi, Abdel Aziz, MD   ?
Ratzinger, Joseph, PhD     Pro
Redford, Donald B., PhD     ?
Reese, Charley   Con
Reeves, Brian, MA   Pro
Reich, Bernard, PhD     ?
Reiter, Yitzhak, PhD     Pro
Remba, Gidon Doni   Pro
Remnick, David   NC
Reviv, Hanoch   ?
Riad, Fouad Abdel-Moneim   ?
Rice, Condoleezza, PhD     Pro
Rice, Susan, DPhil     Pro
Rivlin, Rubi, LLB     Con
Rochon, Mark, JD   ?
Roiphe, Anne   Pro
Rolef, Susan Hattis, PhD     NC
Romirowsky, Asaf, PhD     Con
Ros-Lehtinen, Ileana, EdD     ?
Rosenberg, M.J.   NC
Rosenberg, Rochelle-Leigh, JD     ?
Ross, Dennis, PhD     Pro
Rostow, Eugene W., JD     Pro
Rothem, Dan   Pro
Rouhani, Hassan, PhD     NC
Roumani, Maurice M., PhD     ?
Rubin, Barry, PhD     ?
Rubner, Michael, PhD     ?
Russell, Bertrand   ?
Ryan, Paul     Pro
- S -
Individuals Rating Position
Sabel, Robbie, PhD     Pro
Sabella, Bernard, PhD     ?
Sabra, Adam, PhD     Con
Sachar, Howard M., PhD     Pro
Sadan, Tsvi, PhD     ?
Safi, Louay, PhD     ?
Sahyoun, Rabee     ?
Said, Edward, PhD     Con
Said, Nuri     ?
Salaita, Steven, PhD     Pro
Saleh, Mohsen Moh'd, PhD     ?
Samhouri, Mohammed, PhD     ?
Sand, Shlomo, PhD     Pro
Sanneh, Lamin, PhD     ?
Sarkozy, Nicolas     Pro
Sartre, Jean-Paul   ?
Satloff, Robert, PhD     Pro
Satoh, Yukio     Pro
Schechla, Joseph, MA   ?
Scheer, Robert   ?
Scheindlin, Dahlia, PhD, MTS     NC
Scheinmann, Gabriel   ?
Schenker, Hillel, MA   Pro
Schmemann, Serge, MA   ?
Scholch, Alexander, PhD     ?
Schorsch, Ismar, PhD     ?
Schulweis, Harold M.     ?
Schumer, Charles, JD     Pro
Schwartz, Peter   ?
Schweitzer, Yoram   ?
Segal, Jerome, PhD, MPA     Pro
Segev, Tom, PhD     ?
Seidemann, Daniel, JD     Pro
Sela-Shayovitz, Revital, PhD     ?
Serry, Robert H.   Pro
Shahak, Israel, PhD     ?
Shalom, Silvan, LLB     Pro
Shapira, Yonatan, MA   Con
Shapiro, Andrew J., JD     Pro
Shapiro, Ben, JD   Con
Sharan, Shlomo, PhD     ?
Sharansky, Natan     NC
Sharett, Moshe     ?
Sharon, Ariel     Pro
Sharon, Moshe, PhD     ?
Sharp, Jeremy M., MA   ?
Shashaa, Esam   ?
Sheizaf, Noam   NC
Shikaki, Khalil, PhD     ?
Shipler, David K., MA   ?
Shlaim, Avi, PhD     Con
Shuman, Ellis   ?
Shusteff, Boris, MA   Con
Sicker, Martin, PhD     ?
Siddiqi, Muzammil H., PhD     ?
Siegman, Henry   Pro
Silverberg, Robert   NC
Simons, Chaim, PhD     NC
Singer, Saul   ?
Sirois, Marc   ?
Sissalem, Issam   ?
Sitrit-Leibovich, Russell   Con
Sivan, Emmanuel, PhD     ?
Sneh, Ephraim, MD     Pro
Sobelman, Daniel   ?
Sobran, Joseph   ?
Solana, Javier, PhD     Pro
Soros, George   Pro
Soroush, Abdolkarim, PhD     ?
Spero, Aryeh   ?
Spritzler, John, Sc.D     Con
Stahl, Julie   ?
Stein, Kenneth, PhD     Pro
Steinberg, Gerald M., PhD     Pro
Steinitz, Yuval, PhD     Pro
Stepan, Alfred, PhD     Pro
Stern, Yedidia Z., SJD     ?
Stiles, Kendall W., PhD     ?
Strauss, Steven, PhD     ?
Straw, Jack     Pro
Strenger, Carlo, PhD     NC
Streusand, Douglas E., PhD     ?
Sudan, Richard   Pro
Swidler, Leonard, PhD     ?
Syrkin, Nachman, PhD     ?
- U -
Individuals Rating Position
Urquhart, Conal   ?
II. Organization
- D -
Organizations Rating Position
Daily Star    ?
Daily Telegraph (U.K.)    ?
David Project   Pro
- I -
Organizations Rating Position
Independent, The (UK)    ?
Information Regarding Israel's Security (IRIS)   ?
Institute for Public Affairs of the Jewish Orthodox Union (IPA-OU)   Pro
International Catholic-Jewish Liaison Committee (ICJLC)   ?
International Commission of Jurists   ?
International Court of Justice (ICJ)   Pro
International Crisis Group (ICG)   Pro
International Fellowship of Christians and Jews   ?
International Herald Tribune (IHT)    ?
International Monetary Fund (IMF)   ?
International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT)   Pro
Ir Amim   Pro
Islam.com   ?
Israel Action Network (IAN)   Pro
Israel Defense Forces (IDF)   ?
Israel Democracy Institute (IDI)   ?
Israel Science and Technology Homepage   ?
Israel Water Authority   ?
Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics (ICBS)   ?
Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs   ?
- K -
Organizations Rating Position
Knesset (Israeli Parliament)   ?
- P -
Organizations Rating Position
Palestine Economic Policy Research Institute   ?
Palestine Facts   ?
Palestine Liberation Organization Negotiations Affairs Department (PLONAD)   Pro
Palestine Ministry of Information   Pro
Palestine Monitor   ?
Palestine Red Crescent Society (PRCS)   ?
Palestine Solidarity Committee-Seattle (PSC)   NC
Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs (PASSIA)   ?
Palestinian Authority (PA)   Pro
Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research (PSR)   ?
Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS)   ?
Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR)   Pro
Palestinian Hydrology Group (PHG)   ?
Parliament of Jordan     Pro
Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE)   Pro
Pax Christi International   Pro
Peace Now   Pro
Peres Center for Peace   ?
Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations   ?
Permanent Observer Mission of Palestine to the United Nations   ?
Pew Research Center   NC
Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) -- Israel   NC
Portland Trust   Pro
Presbyterian Church (USA)   Pro
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences       ?
Public Broadcasting Service (PBS)    ?
- Y -
Organizations Rating Position
Yedioth Ahronoth    ?
- Z -
Organizations Rating Position
Zionist Organization of America   Con