What Are the Official Positions of Syria on Israel and the Palestinian Territories?
General Reference (not clearly pro or con)
This site was archived on Aug. 3, 2021. The two-state solution is no longer the most popular solution among the jurisdictions involved. A reconsideration of the topic is possible in the future.
A statement by the Syrian government, reported on in a Jan. 30, 2013 New York Times article titled “Israeli Airstrike in Syria Targets Arms Convoy, US Says,” states:
“The Syrian government points out to the international community that this Israeli arrogance and aggression is dangerous for Syrian sovereignty… and stresses that such criminal acts will not weaken Syria’s role nor will discourage Syrians from continuing to support resistance movements and just Arab causes, particularly the Palestinian issue.”Jan. 30, 2013
Walid Al-Moualem, Syrian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates, in an address to the United Nations General Assembly on Sep. 30, 2013, available at the United Nations website, stated:
“The Syrian Arab Republic confirms its natural right to fully restore the occupied Syrian Golan up to the line of June 4, 1967, and emphasizes its rejection of all measures taken by Israel, the occupying power, to change its natural, demographic and geographic features in a clear violation of the relevant Security Council resolutions, in particular resolution 497 (1981). Syria reconfirms its support for the legitimate and inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, in particular their right of return and self-determination, and to establish their independent state on their land, with Jerusalem as its capital.”Spe. 30, 2013
Bashar Al-Jaafari, PhD, the Permanent Representative of Syria to the United Nations, in an address the UN Security Council in Jan. 2015, available from YouTube, stated:
“The UN bears a historical and legal responsibility towards the establishment of an independent Palestinian State with full sovereignty over its entire national territory. This responsibility stems from the provisions of Resolution 181 of 1947… and Resolution 273 of 1949… as well as Resolution 194 of 1948… Israel, following its creation has followed in spirit and in letter a policy of expansion and ethnic cleansing that has led to its occupation of Arab territories in 1967. Successive Israeli governments… have committed systematic and documented violations of international humanitarian law and human rights law… Israel continues its occupation of the Syrian Golan since 1967. It imposes on Syrian citizens living under this occupation a bitter reality that cannot be tolerated… The Syrian Golan is and will remain Syrian territory. We shall continue to struggle for its independence until full restoration to its borders of June 4th 1967. This right is not subject to negotiation; it is not subject to bargaining; nor is it subject to any statute of limitations. All Israeli actions will not change anything in that regard. Israeli actions, including the so-called decision of annexing the Golan which is in fact the crime of annexing the Golan are null and void. They have no legal effect in accordance to United Nations relevant Resolutions, particularly your Security Council Resolution 497 of 1981. What we would state and stress about the ineluctability of Israeli withdrawal from the occupied Syrian territory applies to the Occupied Palestinian territory and what remains under occupation in Southern Lebanon.”Jan. 2015 -