Key Documents


Document Selection and Methodology: The primary sources below (in chronological order) have been selected based on their relevance to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Whenever possible, unaltered documents from the issuing agencies were used. In some cases, documents were acquired from 3rd party services such as universities and historical databases, and although we can not guarantee their accuracy, they did appear to be unaltered original historic documents. If there are documents we should have included and did not, please let us know.


Date Issued

Document

Issued By

Description

Related ProCon.org Links

Nov. 27, 2007

Annapolis Conference: Joint Understanding
(PDF) 26KB

US President George W. Bush, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas

President Bush's proclamation of an agreement by Israeli and Palestinian leaders to conclude a peace treaty by the end of 2008 and follow the "road map" to a permanent two-state solution.

Is a two-state solution acceptable?

Mar. 10, 2005

Sasson Report: Summary of the Opinion Concerning Unauthorized Outposts
(PDF) 197KB

Talia Sasson, at the request of the Prime Minister bureau, Israel

Report on Israeli government involvement in the establishment of settlement outposts in Palestinian Occupied Territories.

Are Israeli settlements in the Palestinian Territories a violation of international law?

 

June 8, 2005

Report: War Crimes Committed Against US Military Personnel, June 8, 1967
(PDF) 224KB

USS Liberty Veterans Association

War crimes report submitted to the US Secretary of the Army

What was the USS Liberty incident?

Jan. 28, 2005

UN Resolution 1583
(PDF) 14KB

UN Security Council

Response to a Lebanese government request to extend the mandate of UNIFIL on the Blue Line to confirm Israel's withdrawal from southern Lebanon

Why did Israel withdraw from South Lebanon in 2000?

June 6, 2004

Addendum "A" - Revised Disengagement Plan - Main Principles
(PDF) 14KB

Israeli Prime Minister's Office, Communications Department

Revision of the original Disengagement Plan due to the absence "of a reliable Palestinian partner."

Is Sharon's Disengagement Plan an acceptable step and/or solution?

Dec. 18, 2003

Ariel Sharon's Disengagement Plan Speech
(PDF) 28KB

Ariel Sharon,
Israeli Prime Minister

Public introduction of the Disengagement Plan

What is Sharon's Disengagement Plan?

Nov. 19, 2003

UN Resolution 1515
(PDF) 10KB

UN Security Council

Endorses the Quartet Performance-based Roadmap to a Permanent Two-State Solution

Is a two-state solution acceptable?

Oct. 14, 2003

Geneva Accord
(PDF) 112KB

Yossi Beilin, Yasser Abd Rabbo, et al

The agreement envisions a Palestinian state based roughly on the borders before the 1967 Mideast war. Most Israeli settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip would be dismantled. It divides sovereignty in Jerusalem, but avoids a large-scale return to Israel by Palestinians who fled or were driven out in the 1948-49 war that followed Israel's creation.

Is the 2003 Geneva Accord a just resolution to the Israeli - Palestinian conflict?

Mar. 27, 2002

Speech by Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz
(PDF) 13KB

Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz,
Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia

States that the "only acceptable objective of the peace process is the full Israeli withdrawal from all the occupied Arab territories."

Is the Arab Peace Initiative an acceptable solution to the Israeli - Palestinian conflict?

Mar. 12, 2002

UN Resolution 1397
(PDF) 11KB

UN Security Council

Adopted in concordance with Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz's 2002 Arab Peace Initiative, demanding the immmediate end of violence by both sides.

What is the 2002 Arab Peace Initiative (a.k.a. The Saudi Plan)?

May 15, 2001

Official Comment of the Government of Israel on the Report of the Sharm el-Sheikh Fact-Finding Committee (The Mitchell Report)
(PDF) 25KB

Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs

States that the Mitchell Report "provides a constructive and positive attempt" for peace in response to the Al-Aqsa intifada

Was Ariel Sharon's visit to the Temple Mount / Haram al-Sharif responsible for igniting the al-Aqsa intifada?

May 15, 2001

Official Response of the PLO to the Report of the Sharm el-Sheikh Fact-Finding Committee (The Mitchell Report)
(PDF) 24KB

Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)

Agrees that Mitchell Report's recommendations are a "coherent foundation" for peace in response to the Al-Aqsa intifada

What was the Mitchell Report and how was it related to the al-Aqsa Intifada?

Apr. 30, 2001

Report of the Sharm el-Sheikh Fact-Finding Committee (The Mitchell Report)
(PDF) 3,204KB

Sharm el-Sheikh Fact-Finding Committee

Recommends "swift and decisive" action to stop violence between the government of Israel and the Palestinian Authority

What was the Mitchell Report and how was it related to the al-Aqsa Intifada?

July 25, 2000

Statement by President William J. Clinton Upon the Close of Camp David
(PDF) 32KB

William J. Clinton,
President of the United States

Statement issued upon the closing of the 2000 Camp David Summit

What were the 2000 Clinton parameters, and were they an acceptable solution?

July 25, 2000

Trilateral Statement by William J. Clinton, Ehud Barak, and Yasser Arafat Upon the Close of Camp David
(PDF) 6KB

William J. Clinton,
President of the United States, Ehud Barak, Israeli Prime Minister, and Yasser Arafat, President of the Palestinian Authority

Commitment to follow UN resolutions 242 and 338 as the only way to reach an agreement under a violence-free environment

What was the 2000 Camp David Proposal?

Feb. 17, 2000

UN Secretary-General's Bulletin for the Organization of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
(PDF) 422KB

Kofi Annan

Extension and re-organization of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East

What is the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA)?

Dec. 17, 1999

UN Resolution 54/152
(PDF) 11KB

UN General Assembly

Reaffirms that Palestinian people have right to self determination and a state

Which international resolutions support the establishment of a Palestinian State?

Oct. 4, 1999

1999 Sharm al-Sheikh Memorandum

Ehud Barak, Prime Minister of Israel, and
Yasser Arafat, Palestine Liberation Organization

Set out a timetable for a permanent peace settlement

What was the 1999 Sharm al-Sheikh Memorandum?

Oct. 23, 1998

1998 The Wye River Memorandum

Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister of Israel, and
Yasser Arafat, Palestine Liberation Organization

Delineated steps to complete implementation of the Interim Agreement and of agreements that accompanied the Hebron Protocol. Israel will redeploy from the West Bank in exchange for Palestinian security measures. The PA [Palestine Authority] will have complete or shared responsibility for 40% of the West Bank, of which it will have complete control of 18.2%

What was the 1998 Wye River Memorandum?

Sep. 28, 1998

Yasser Arafat's Address to the 53rd UN General Assemby
(PDF) 10KB

Yasser Arafat,
President of the Palestinian Authority

Appreciation for inclusion as a member of the "General Debate" in the General Assembly's agenda. Marked the first time in UN history that a non-member state participated as a member

Should there be a Palestinian State?

July 7, 1998

UN Resolution 52/250
(PDF) 12KB

UN General Assembly

Conferred upon Palestine additional rights and privileges of participation that had previously been exclusive to Member States

Which international resolutions support the establishment of a Palestinian State?

Jan. 13, 1998

Yasser Arafat's Letter to President William J. Clinton
(PDF) 10KB

Yasser Arafat,
President of the Palestinian Authority

Agreement to recognize the State of Israel

Does Israel have a right to exist?

Jan. 17, 1997

1997 Protocol Concerning the Redeployment in Hebron
(PDF) 30KB

D. Shomrom, for Israel, and
Saeb Erakat, Palestine Liberation Organization

divided the city of Hebron into two parts: H1 and H2; Palestinian Authority controlled H1, and Israel retained control over H2 and surrounding Jewish settlements

What was the 1997 Protocol Concerning the Redeployment in Hebron?

Sep. 28, 1995

1995 Oslo Interim Agreement

Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel, and
Yasser Arafat, Palestine Liberation Organization

Most significantly the agreement recognizes the establishment of a "Palestinian Interim Self-Government Authority," i.e. an elected Council, called "the Council" or "the Palestinian Council"

What was the 1995 Oslo Interim Agreement?

Oct. 26, 1994

Treaty of Peace Between the State of Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
(PDF) 7KB

Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel, and
Abdul Salam Majali, Prime Minister of Jordan

Establishes peace between the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the State of Israel

What are the offical policies of the surrounding Arab states and Iran in relation to Israel?

May 4, 1994

1994 Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area

Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel, and
Yasser Arafat, Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)

Transferred control over the bulk of the Gaza Strip and a sixty-five-square-kilometer area encompassing Jericho and its environs to PA [Palestinian Authority] control

What was the 1994 Cairo Agreement?

Apr. 29, 1994

1994 Paris Protocol
(PDF) 114KB

Avraham Shohat, Finance Minister of Israel, and
Abu Ala (Ahmed Korei), Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)

Protocol on Economic Relations between the Government of the State of Israel and the P.L.O., representing the Palestinian people

What was the 1994 Paris Protocol?

Sep. 13, 1993

1993 Declaration of Principles
 

Shimon Perez for Israel,
and Mahmoud Abbas for the Palestinian Authority

Recognize their mutual legitimate and political rights, and strive to live in peaceful coexistence and mutual dignity and security and achieve a just, lasting and comprehensive peace settlement and historic reconciliation through the agreed political process.

What was the 1993 Oslo Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements?

Sep. 9, 1993

Exchange of Letters Between Yasser Arafat and Yitzhak Rabin Before the Signing of the Oslo Declaration of Principles
(PDF) 7KB

Yitzhak Rabin, Israeli Prime Minister,
and Yasser Arafat, President of the Palestinian Authority

Delineated steps to complete implementation of the Interim Agreement and of agreements that accompanied the Hebron Protocol

What letters were exchanged between Arafat and Rabin prior to the signing of the 1993 Oslo Declaration?

Dec. 20, 1990

UN Resolution 681

UN Security Council

Calls on Israel to apply the Fourth Geneva Convention to Palestinians in Occupied territories Is the United Nations biased against Israel and for Palestine?

Dec. 15, 1988

UN Resolution 43/177
(PDF) 13KB

UN General Assembly

Acknowledges the State of Palestine Proclamation by the Palestine National Council

Which international resolutions support the establishment of a Palestinian State?

Dec. 9, 1988

UN Resolution 43/160
(PDF) 14KB

UN General Assembly

Decided that the Palestine Liberation Organization was entitled to have its communications issued and circulated as official documents of the United Nations

What is the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)?

Mar. 2, 1988

UN Resolution 42/229
(PDF) 14KB

UN General Assembly

Reaffirmed that the Permanent Observer Mission of the PLO to the UN is covered by the United Nations Headquarters Agreement. It called upon the US to abide by this agreement

What is the relationship between the United States and the Palestinians?

1983

Provisional Rules of Procedure of the UN Security Council
(PDF) 2,170KB

UN Security Council

The revised 1983 provisional rules of procedure of the UN Security Council decided by a vote that an invitation should be extended to the representative of the PLO to participate in the Security Council's selected debates

Is the United Nations biased against Israel and for Palestine?

Feb. 8, 1983

104 Report of the Commission of Inquiry Into the Events at the Refugee Camps in Beirut
(PDF) 183KB

Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs

The Commission determined that Israeli forces were indirectly responsible for the Sabra and Shatilla refugee camps' massacre

What was the 1983 Kahan Commission Report?

Mar.. 1, 1980

UN Resolution 465

UN Security Council

Criticizes Israel for building settlements and repeats that Israel has no legal standing to build settlements Is the United Nations biased against Israel and for Palestine?

Mar. 26, 1979

Treaty of Peace Between The Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Government of the State of Israel
(PDF) 32KB

The Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Government of the State of Israel

Establishes peace between the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Government of the State of Israel

What was the outcome of the 1979 Egyptian - Israeli Peace Treaty?

Mar. 22, 1979

UN Resolution 446

UN Security Council

Determines Israel has no legal standing to establish settlements and doing so was against the goal of peace in the Middle East Is the United Nations biased against Israel and for Palestine?

Mar. 19, 1978

UN Resolution 425

UN General Assembly

Ordered Israel to cease military action against Lebanon Is the United Nations biased against Israel and for Palestine?

Nov 10, 1975

UN Resolution 3379 (XXX). Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
(PDF) 238KB

UN General Assembly

The General Assembly "determines that zionism is a form of racism and racial discrimination."

Is Zionism a form of racism?

Nov. 22, 1974

UN Resolution 3237
(PDF) 10KB

UN General Assembly

Granted observer status to the PLO

Is the United Nations biased against Israel and for Palestine?

Nov. 13, 1974

Yasser Arafat's Speech Before the UN General Assembly
(PDF) 39KB

Yasser Arafat,
President of the State of Palestine

Call to the world to support Palestinian people's right of return and self-determination

Should Palestinian Refugees have the Right of Return?

Oct. 14, 1974

UN Resolution 3210
(PDF) 10KB

UN General Assembly

Recognized the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people and invited it to participate in the deliberations of the General Assembly on the Question of Palestine in plenary meetings

What was the 1974 Rabat Summit and what was its significance for the PLO?

Dec. 12, 1973

UN Resolution 3102
(PDF) 19KB

UN General Assembly

Urged that national liberation movements be invited to participate as observers in the Diplomatic Conference on the Reaffirmation and Development of International Humanitarian Law Applicable in Armed Conflicts

Is the United Nations biased against Israel and for Palestine?

Oct. 22, 1973

UN Resolution 338
(PDF) 10KB

UN Security Council

Calls for an inmediate cease-fire and for a prompt implementation of 1967 UN Resolution 242

What was the outcome of the War of 1973?

Dec. 8, 1970

UN Resolution 2672 C
(PDF) 15KB

UN General Assembly

Recognizes that the people of Palestine are entitled to equal rights and self determination

Which international resolutions support the establishment of a Palestinian State?

Dec. 10, 1969

UN Resolution 2535 B
(PDF) 63KB

UN General Assembly

Notes that repatriation or compensation of the refugees has not been granted, and that no substantial progress has been made for the reintegration of refugees either by repatriation or resettlement and that, therefore, the situation of the refugees continues to be a matter of serious concern

Is the United Nations biased against Israel and for Palestine?

July 1
17, 1968

1968 Palestinian National Charter

First chairman of the PLO, Ahmad Shukeiri

In its original 1964 version, established the Palestine Liberation Organization. Amended in 1968, focuses on the independent national identity of the Palestinian people

What is the 1968 PLO Charter?

Sep. 1, 1967

1967 Khartoum Resolutions
(PDF) 9.31KB

Eight Arab Heads of State (Jamal Abdel Nasr of Egypt, King Hussein of Jordan, King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, Prince Salem Al-Sabah of Kuwait, Abdalla Al-Salal of Yemen, Howeri Bumedian of Algeria, Al-Amir Al-Hassan of Libya, Al-Bahi Al Adgham Tunisian Prime Minister)

Established an Arab consensus for setting official policies of most Arab states in regards to their relations with Israel: "no peace with Israel, no recognition of Israel, no negotiations with it."

How did the 1967 Khartoum Summit of the Arab states affect Arab-Israeli relations?

Nov. 22, 1967

UN Resolution 242
(PDF) 10KB

UN Security Council

Calls for the withdrawal of Israel armed forces from Palestinian and other territories occupied in the 1967 war

What effect did the 1967 War have on the Palestinians?

Oct. 6, 1964

Letter from the representatives of Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Republic and Yemen, addressed to the President of the Security Council
(PDF) 20KB

UN Security Council

Letter "to draw the attention of the Security Council to recent Israeli aggressive policies and statements which create an imminent danger to international peace and security."

Is Israel a threat to world peace?

Nov. 7, 1956

UN Resolution 1001

UN General Assembly

Created the UN Emergency Force (UNEF) in response to the Suez Canal crisis Is the United Nations biased against Israel and for Palestine?

Nov. 20, 1951

Progress Report of the UN Conciliation Commission for Palestine
(PDF) 101KB

UN Conciliation Commission for Palestine

Calling of the second Paris Conference for armistice agreements

What were the 1949 armistice agreements, and how did the Israeli and Arab interpretation of them differ?

Aug. 12, 1949

Geneva Convention IV
(PDF) 93KB

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Convention relative to the protection of civilian persons in time of war

What rights do refugees have under international law?

May 11, 1949

Resolution 273 (III). Admission of Israel to membership in the United Nations
(PDF) 10KB

UN General Assembly

Decides to admit Israel to membership in the United Nations

Which international resolutions support Israel's existence?

May 11, 1949

A/PV.207. 207th
Plenary Meeting
Application of Israel for admission to membership in the United Nation report of the Ad Hoc Political Committee

(PDF) 154KB

UN General Assembly

Minutes of the 207th Plenary Meeting, debating admission of Israel to membership in the United Nations

Which international resolutions support Israel's existence?

Dec. 11, 1948

UN Resolution 194

UN General Assembly

Proposes partitioning Palestine into two States, with Jerusalem internationalized Is the United Nations biased against Israel and for Palestine?

Dec. 10, 1948

Universal Declaration of Human Rights
(PDF) 41KB

UN General Assembly

Outlines the view of the United Nation General Assembly on human rights guaranteed to all people

Is the United Nations biased against Israel and for Palestine?

 

Dec. 2, 1948

Application of Israel for Admission to the United Nations
(PDF) 10KB

State of Israel

Official application for membership to the United Nations

Which international resolutions support Israel's existence?

May 14, 1948

Israeli Decalaration of Independence
(PDF 101KB (Original in Hebrew)

Leaders of the Yishuv [Jewish community in Palestine]

Declaration of Independence and Proclamation of the Jewish state in Palestine to be called Medinat Israel

What is the Israeli Declaration of Independence?

Nov. 29, 1947

Resolution 181 (II). Future government of Palestine
(PDF) 41KB

UN General Assembly

Recommends to the United Kingdom the adoption and implementation of the Plan of Partition

What was the outcome of the 1947 United Nations Partition Plan?

June 26, 1945

Charter of the United Nations
(PDF) 43KB

The United Nations

Charter signed at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization

Has UN involvement had a positive effect on the Israeli - Palestinian conflict?

Oct. 1, 1939

Palestine - Statement of Policy by His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom
(PDF) 24KB

Malcolm MacDonald,
Secretary of State for the Colonies

Presents policy "To place the country under such political, administrative and economic conditions as will secure the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, [and] to facilitate Jewish immigration under suitable conditions."

What was the British position on Jewish immigration to Palestine during the Mandate Period (1922-1948), and how did it develop?

Oct. 1, 1930

Palestine - Statement of Policy by His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom
(PDF) 37KB

Secretary of State for the Colonies

Presents policy "to convince both Arabs and Jews of their firm intention to promote the essential interests of both races to the utmost of their power, and to work consistently for the development, in Palestine, of a prosperous community."

What was British policy with respect to the differing interests of the Arabs and Jews of Palestine during the Mandate Period (1922-1948)?

Aug. 12, 1922

Mandate for Palestine
(PDF) 20KB

League of Nations

To "entrust the Allied Powers the administration of the territory of Palestine which previously belonged to the Turkish Empire."

What was the British Mandate?

June 3, 1922

The Churchill "White Paper"
(PDF) 12KB

Winston Churchill,
British Prime Minister

Responds to Arabs' concerns over the Balfour Declaration and massive Jewish immigration to palestine

What was the British position on Jewish immigration to Palestine during the Mandate Period (1922-1948), and how did it develop?

June 1, 1922

Correspondence with the Palestine Arab Delegation and the Zionist Organization
(PDF) 63KB

The United Kingdom

Selected correspondence submitted to the British Parliament

Did the British have the right to promise "the establishment of a national home for the Jewish People?"

June 28, 1919

Covenant of the League of Nations, Part I of the Versailles Treaty
(PDF) 63KB

Paris Peace Conference

Provides for the creation of the League of Nations

Biography of the League of Nations

Nov. 2, 1917

Balfour Declaration of Principles
(PDF) 63KB

Arthur James Balfour

Letter from British foreign secretary, Arthur James (later Lord) Balfour, to Lord Rothschild, head of the British Zionist Organization

Who was Lord Balfour and what was the Balfour Declaration?

Oct. 24, 1915

Letter from Hussein-McMahon Correspondence
(PDF) 9KB

Sir Henry McMahon,
British High Commissioner in Cairo

Correspondence between Sharif Hussein of Mecca, Governor of the Hijaz province of Arabia, and Sir Henry McMahon, the British High Commissioner to Egypt

Was Palestine included in the territory designated for Arab control in the Hussein-McMahon correspondence?

 

Date Issued

Document

Issued By

Description

Related ProCon.org Links