Gidon Doni Remba, President of Chicago Peace Now, in an article posted on the Chicago Peace Now website titled "The Nusseibeh-Ayalon Agreement," wrote (accessed July 19, 2007):
"[T]he Nusseibeh-Ayalon agreement [is] a historic statement of basic
principles for resolving the Palestinian-Israeli conflict written by
Dr. Sari Nusseibeh, the senior Palestinian representative in Jerusalem,
and Ami Ayalon, former chief of Israel’s Shin Bet security service. It
involves several major Palestinian concessions, including these key
An unequivocal recognition of Israel as the Jewish state,
A complete relinquishment of the right of refugee return for Palestinians to Israel,
Demilitarization for the Palestinian state;
agreement is made between the Palestinian people and the Jewish people,
and each recognizes the other's historic rights to the same land, while
accepting the need for a historic compromise, resulting in two states
for two peoples.
major concessions which Arafat was unwilling to make both at Camp David
or Taba. The Palestinian recognition that Israel is the state of the
Jewish people is unprecedented, as is the complete Palestinian
renunciation of the demand to repatriate Palestinian refugees into
Israel. At Taba, Arafat's negotiators still insisted on as many as
100,000 - 250,000 returning to Israel over a decade. In other respects,
the plan is similar to the Taba proposal and the Clinton Plan, although
it opts for 'divine sovereignty' (or no sovereignty) over the holy
sites in Jerusalem, with Palestinian control over the Haram
A-Sharif/Temple Mount, and Israeli control over the Western Wall. As in
the Taba and Clinton plans, all Jewish neighborhoods in Jerusalem will
come under Israeli sovereignty, while all Arab neighborhoods would come
under Palestinian sovereignty."
Sari Nusseibeh, President of Al-Kuds University and (at the time) PLO Representative in Jerusalem, and Ami Ayalon, Member of the Knesset and former Chief of the Israeli General Security Service (Shin Bet), completed the following document on Aug. 6, 2002, and then published it in Ha'aretz on Sep. 3, 2002:
Palestinian people and the Jewish people each recognize the other's
historic rights with respect to the same land. The Jewish people has
for generations wanted to establish the Jewish State in all the Land of
Israel, while the Palestinian people has similarly wanted to establish
a state in all of Palestine.
two sides hereby agree to accept a historic compromise based on the
principle of two sovereign and viable states existing side by side. The
following Statement of Intentions is an expression of the will of the
majority of the people. Both sides believe that through this initiative
they can influence their leaders and thereby open a new chapter in the
region's history. This new chapter will be realized by calling on the
international community to guarantee security in the region and to help
in rehabilitating and developing the region's economy.
The People Vote - Statement of Intentions
Two states for two peoples: Both sides will declare that Palestine is
the only state of the Palestinian people and Israel is the only state
of the Jewish people.
Borders: Permanent borders between the two states will be agreed on the
basis of the June 4, 1967 lines, UN resolutions and the Arab peace
initiative (known as the Saudi initiative).
modifications will be based on an equal territorial exchange (1:1) in
accordance with the vital needs of both sides, including security,
territorial contiguity, and demographic considerations.
The Palestinian State will have a connection between its two geographic areas, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
After establishment of the agreed borders, no settlers will remain in the Palestinian state.
Jerusalem: Jerusalem will be an open city, the capital of two states.
Freedom of religion and full access to holy sites will be guaranteed to
Arab neighborhoods in Jerusalem will come under Palestinian sovereignty; Jewish neighborhoods under Israeli sovereignty.
Neither side will exercise sovereignty over the holy
places. The State of Palestine will be designated Guardian of the
Temple Mount for the benefit of Muslims. Israel will be the Guardian of
the Western Wall for the benefit of the Jewish people. The status quo
on Christian holy sites will be maintained. No excavation will take
place in or underneath the holy sites.
Right of return: Recognizing the suffering and the plight of the
Palestinian refugees, the international community, Israel, and the
Palestinian State will initiate and contribute to an international fund
to compensate them.
Palestinian refugees will return only to the State of Palestine; Jews will return only to the State of Israel.
5. The Palestinian State will be demilitarized and the international community will guarantee its security and independence.
End of conflict: Upon the full implementation of these principles, all
claims on both sides and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict will end."